Muscular dystrophy is very common illness
now a days. It is an inherited disease and a disorder
of body functioning. They are characterized by weakness
and wasting of skeletal muscles without the breakdown
of nerve tissue. In all forms of muscular dystrophy
there is a slow loss of strength with increasing disability
Clinical observation of non inflammatory wasting of
muscles probe a physician to investigate the muscular
dystrophy. The history more often gives absence of
viral infections like polio myelitis. There are several
classifications made under neuromuscular disorders.
This affects young boys only. Usually
it starts from the age of 3 year. Gradually the afflicted
boys lose their independent ambulation. Sometimes
seeks help of a wheel chair and may worse to become
bedridden. The first symptoms are found as inability
in walking, more often clumsy walking. Swelling of
calf muscles observed with wasting of buttock muscles
as the first sign of observation.
type affects people between 6-40 years of age. It
is characterised by a winging of the scapular which
can be stabilised by scapulothoracic fusion. Facial
muscle abnormalities also occur in few individuals.
Sometimes upper arm muscles disturbance are noticed
in few cases.
Myotonic disorders are chromosomal
disorders. They present their symptoms as inability
of muscles to relax after contractures. Myotonic dystrophy
is a multisystem disorder that affects skeletal muscle
and smooth muscle, as well as the eye, heart, endocrine
system, and central nervous system.
Myotonic dystrophy is characterized
by cataract and difficulty in relaxing the muscles
after contraction. Many patients often show cardiac
conduction abnormalities. Adults may become physically
disabled and may have a shortened life span. Congenital
DM is characterized by hypotonia and severe generalized
weakness at birth, often with respiratory insufficiency
and early death; mental retardation is common.
Diagnosis is made examining of muscle,
muscle tests, and a family history. Genetic study
is also essential in some cases.
There is an universal belief that there
is no specific treatment for muscular and myotonic
dystrophy. Usually the physicians advice the patients
to continue physiotherapy and sometimes assist them
with devices like wheel chairs or other assistive
devices. Homoeopathy finds solution to such problem.
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