Epilepsy is a universally challenging
disease. "Seizure" is an alternative term
for "epileptic attack.” Epilepsy is a disorder
in which nerve cells of the brain from time to time
release abnormal electrical impulses. These cause
a temporary malfunctioning of the other nerve cells
of the brain, resulting in alteration of, or complete
loss of consciousness.
|What Causes Epilepsy?
brain consists of millions of nerve cells called Neurons,
and their supporting structure. Each neuron maintains
itself in an electrically charged state. It receives
electrical signals from other neurons, and passes
them on to others. What actually happens is that a
small quantity of a special neurotransmitter substance
is released from the terminals of one neuron. This
chemical excites an electrical response in the neuron
next in the chain, and so the signal moves onward.
All the functions of the brain, including
feeling, seeing, thinking and moving muscles depend
on electrical signals being passed from one neuron
to the next, the message being modified as required.
The normal brain is constantly generating electrical
rhythms in an orderly way.
In epilepsy this order is disrupted
by some neuron discharging signals inappropriately.
There may be a kind of brief electrical "Crisis"
arising from neurons that are inherently unstable
because of a genetic defect as in the various types
of inherited epilepsy.
Sometimes neurons are made
unstable by metabolic abnormalities such as low blood
glucose or alcohol. Alternatively, the abnormal discharge
may come from a localised area of the brain as in
the situation in epilepsy patients caused by head
injury or brain tumour. Epilepsy can strike anyone
at any age. Children may have “Febrile fits”
due to very high temperature and bacterial toxins.
Varieties of Epilepsy
There are several forms of epilepsy.
Most people would have seen someone suffer a major
epileptic seizure, suddenly losing consciousness,
jerking the arms and legs etc. But there are other
types of epilepsy. For example, one common form of
epilepsy in children causes them to stare and lose
contact with the surroundings for a few seconds.
A seizure starts as partial seizures,
where the abnormal electrical discharge originates
from one specific area of the brain, and generalised
seizures, where the whole brain is involved.
Simple partial seizures are
those in which the epileptic activity in one area
of the brain does not interfere with consciousness.
Thus, a person to whom epilepsy has been caused by
injury to the area of the brain which controls movements
of one leg may experience a series of involuntary
jerking movements of that leg as the only symptom.
Complex partial seizures do
involve some alteration of awareness. The commonest
example is where the discharge originates from one
of the temporal lobes of the brain. Here the attack
could be of a feeling of intense familiarity with
the surroundings being unable to respond. Automatic
choping movements of the jaw may occur. It is possible
that each form of partial seizure may occassionally
lead to a generalised seizure, if the epileptic disturbance
is strong enough.
This forms of epilepsy was
previously known as "petit mal", and "Grand
mal". Petit mal mean "little sickness"
and grand mal mean "big sickness."
It may begin in childhood.
The child may be seen to stare vacantly for a
few seconds, often fluttering the eyelids briefly,
and seeming to be out of contact with the surroundings.
The child does not fall to the ground, and recovery
is prompt, although the attacks may recur repeatedly,
up to many times in the day. The school works
may then suffer, and the child may be accused
wrongly of "day-dreaming."
mal" attacks are dramatic. There may be a
brief warning consisting of a feeling of sinking
or rising in the pit of the stomach or the person
may cry out or groan before losing consciousness
completely. The limbs become stiff and rigid,
and breathing stops, causing the lips to go blue.
The eyes are rolled upward, and the jaws are clenched.
If the tongue or lips are in the way, they will
be bitten. This "tonic phase" is followed
by the "clonic phase."
body is shaken by a series of violent, rhythmic
jerkings of the limbs. These usually cease after
a couple of minutes. The person then recovers
consciousness, but may be confused for several
minutes, and wishes to sleep for an hour or two
afterward. Headache and soreness of the muscles,
which have contracted so violently, are commonly
experienced for a day or more after the attack.
Homoeopathic Medicines have dynamic
action to revitalise the metabolic activity of neuron
and eliminate the disease force gradually. However,
a patient cannot be managed during acute "Crisis”
with homoeopathic medicines, but gradually it brings
normalcy. It needs some supportive, material doses.
Material doses can be withdrawn after patient gets
less frequency of attack and general improvement..
I had asked my patients not
to withdraw immediately altogether while I continued
with my treatment. It is a surprise to note that there
are number of patients who have recovered with excellent
results. I do not observe any interaction between
the treatments. The simple reason behind this is our
medicines are administered in most diluted form so
there is no material or chemical substance to react
with each other.
I had treated many cases
of seizure. The children and middle age groups respond
quickly. Some patients are free from attacks. No Medications
Click on the following