Menstrual problems are very common, No woman escapes
from some sort of disorders. Menstruation is a part
of women’s life and it is a healthy phenomenon
although healthier have its inconveniences and annoyances
during menstruation. Some women get irregular periods
or periods that come regularly but with longer intervals
in between. Others have a "flood" of blood
each month, which makes normal life difficult and potentially
embarrassing. A few women have a combination of problems!
Unusual periods do not necessarily mean there is anything
wrong with you, but may be very annoying. Spotting,
premenstrual tension is common during this time. Headache,
giddiness, acne, heaviness in breast are also commonly
experienced by woman.
What is menstruation?
the shedding of the lining of the uterus, which is called
as endometrium accompanied by bleeding. It occurs in
approximately monthly cycles throughout a woman's reproductive
life, except during pregnancy. Menstruation starts during
puberty and stops permanently at menopause.
The menstrual cycle begins with the
first day of bleeding, which is counted as day first.
The cycle ends just before the next menstrual period.
Menstrual cycle normally ranges from about 25 to 36
days. Only few of women have cycle that are exactly
28 days. Menstrual bleeding lasts for 3 to 7 days, averaging
5 days. Blood loss during a cycle usually ranges from
½ to 2½ ounces. Menstrual blood, unlike
blood resulting from an injury, usually does not clot
unless the bleeding is very heavy.
The menstrual cycle
is regulated by hormones. Luteinizing hormone and follicle-stimulating
hormone, which are produced by the pituitary gland,
promote ovulation and stimulate the ovaries to produce
estrogen and Progestrone. Estrogen and Progestrone stimulate
the uterus and breasts to prepare for possible fertilization.
Pituitary, Ovaries and uterus should be healthy to menstruate
regularly. Pituitary is controlled by hypothalamus,
which can alter its function to our emotions such as
shock, fear. In many cases mental illness would change
the hormonal imbalance.