Thyroid disorders are very common among
women, as they undergo many hormonal changes during
puberty, pregnancy and menopause. Physicians stress
everybody to undergo investigation for thyroid profile
for many illnesses, because thyroid disorder is considered
as “The King Maker of the other diseases.”
Our physical and mental make up would change if the
secretions are low or high. Sometimes the thyroid
enlarges uniformly or diffusely with or without nodules.
Normally the thyroid swells up in deficiency of dietary
iodine as everybody knows it as Goiter, but there
is some category of lumps, which threatens the possibility
The function of the thyroid gland is
to take iodine found from food and convert into thyroid
hormones. Every cell in the body depends upon thyroid
hormones for regulation of their metabolism, which
affect heartbeat, cholesterol level, body weight,
energy level, muscle strength, skin condition, vision,
menstrual regularity, mental state and a host of other
conditions of the individual.
The most common thyroid disorder is
under active thyroid called as Hypothyroidism. This
results when the thyroid fails to produce adequate
hormones. Less frequently, an overactive thyroid condition
called hyperthyroidism occurs when the thyroid produces
more thyroid hormone than needed. Hyperthyroidism
patients suffer enlargement. Thyroid swells up mostly
The thyroid is a butterfly shaped gland,
which wraps around the front part of the windpipe
just below the Adam's Apple. It produces two hormones
T3 and T4 to regulate every organ, every tissue and
every cell in the body. The body's master gland, called
the pituitary, monitors the levels of thyroid hormones
in blood and regulates the thyroid gland by making
a Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone. The abbreviated term
TSH is highly important investigation of a thyroid
disorder. When there is less secretion the hormone
level boosts up and in higher levels declines. The
feedback for secretion is received from hypothalamus.
This center collects signals from the cells and sends
to our pituitary.
How to find?
Diagnosis of a thyroid dysfunction
is very important to prevent all allied diseases.
Therefore clear understanding of functioning is essential.
TSH is a thyroid-stimulating hormone, produced by
the pituitary gland. TSH stimulates the thyroid gland
to produce T3 and T4, which regulate our cellular
activities. When your thyroid itself malfunctions,
your T4 levels falls down and your pituitary secretes
more TSH, as it tries to stimulate your thyroid to
secrete more T4. On the other hand the pituitary gland
could be the cause so that your thyroid also fails.
Simply studying blood sample for thyroid profile enables
everybody to locate the place of disorder.
Swellings of thyroid gland require
further study to evaluate an ordinary “Goiter”
to serious “cancer.” Look and palpate
for any growths or nodules on it. Sip little water
and examine while swallowing it that any mass moves
in front. If you are not convinced consult your physician.
Thyroid scan gives valuable information about a thyroid
nodule or tumor whether it is malignant or not, as
well as whether it is under active or overactive.
Biopsy shall be performed after needle aspiration
technique in suspected cases.
Diet and regimen
Iodine is the essential ingredient in thyroid hormone
synthesis; besides our iodized salt it can be found
in sea foods, bread and milk. This is not the case
in all countries. In many affluent regions like Kerala
Goiter with hypothyroidism is common due to less intake
of iodine. Also we should be aware that some foods
like cabbage, soybeans and turnips are likely to enlarge
thyroid by their goitrogenic effect.
Many hypothyroid patients struggle with an inability
to lose weight, even though they undertake dieting.
Many patients are very keen in thyroid hormone replacement
pills, low calorie, low fat diet and exercise, but
the weight doesn’t decrease. The basic metabolic
activity at cellular level does not co-operate with
your measures unless you correct the basic cause.
How to treat?
If we probe deep into the
causation of thyroid problems, It malfunctions either
it is diseased or an autoimmune condition. This functional
disturbance is acquired as a local disease and genetically
muted in proliferation in most cases. A family history
of thyroid disease often seeks attention for regular
screening. Even though lifestyle cannot minimize the
risk, little knowledge about the signs and symptoms
of thyroid disorder is essential for proper treatment.
for under active thyroid, “Anti thyroid Therapy”
for overactive gland and surgical removal of a part
or total when it arouses suspicion of malignancy are
the present trend of tackling the thyroid problems.
It is labeled as incurable because the approach is
“Cut it when grows up” Pour it when dries
up “ and “Counter it when peaks up”
The approach to the disease is superficial as it reaches
only to cell pathology, So the material doses and
surgical measures would help only to acute crisis
For curative Homoeopathy is the best
choice for under active, hyperactive and proliferate
pathology. Even though the problems look superficially
confined to particular organ alone, it could change
the physical and mental make up of a person. Homoeopathy
approaches a patient as a whole entity, which gives
much importance to the study of body and mind with
the particular symptom of a patient. Generally we
study at diseased level, but we extent our study more
to analyses the individuality. This supremacy had
overcome many incurable conditions of thyroid. Clinically
Homoeopathy had broken the term “Life long medication
“in many cases not only in hypothyroidism but
also their allied illness like polycystic ovarian
disease, obesity, female pattern baldness and infertility.
Periodical blood screening and signs and symptoms
had confirmed the normal functioning of the thyroid
gland. It could be a surprise to universe to hear
some nodular swellings with toxic symptoms and exophthalmia
had disappeared without surgical intervention